The Unmanned vehicles – commonly known as drones (or aerial drones) – are gradually spreading with different technical characteristics and dimensions, with fixed, rotating or convertible wing.
Able to carry out various missions, they are now part of the daily life of professionals and simple amateurs.
To regulate a market in such a strong growth, the European Parliament has delegated to EASA (European Union Aviation Safety Agency), the drafting of the guidelines of a Regulation for aircraft below 150Kg, officially issued on 9 October 2019 and which will be applied in Italy since January 2021.
Today in our country the use of drones is regulated by ENAC – the National Civil Aviation Authority – which has adopted its own Regulation starting from 15 December 2019, which has reached its 3rd edition. It will remain transitory until the entry into force of the definitive Regulation scheduled for 2022.
To provide the services to drone users provided for by EU and national legislation, following an agreement with ENAC, ENAV created the D-Flight platform.
From 15 December 2019 – with the entry into force of the ENAC Regulation – and until a transitory phase that will see from January 2021 the obligation to register and identify drones and their owners, the U-Space services will be gradually accessible, by accessing the D-Flight portal.
Services currently available:
- Account registration - a procedure that allows users interested in the use of drones to register on the portal for access to services reserved to operators, both recreational and professional
- Consultation of no-fly zones - which allows members to view the areas in which there is a ban on overflight
The following services will gradually be available:
- Drone tracking - real-time reception of its location in a central control room
- BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line of Sight) mission planning - ability to plan missions beyond the operator's line of sight, using the tracking functions and supporting the safety assessments of the proposed mission in relation to its possible interference
- Geofencing - automatic detection of the exit from the planned flight zone and entry into areas not allowed
Through these services it will become possible to fully exploit the potential of aerial drones for activities of great importance, such as infrastructure monitoring, inspections, photogrammetry, environmental surveys and many other market opportunities that follow the technological implementation of remotely piloted vehicles.
Through D-Flight platform, ENAV aims to make traditional air traffic coexist with the needs of the new type of traffic, allowing the use of drones for an increasing number of services including public utilities, ensuring maximum safety levels.