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Air Traffic Handling

Commercial aircraft that cross the air space must submit their flight plan to ENAV. This document contains all the essential information regarding the flight, such as aircraft and pilot identification data, take-off time, departure and destination airport.
During the Aerodrome Control flight phase, the pilot is in contact with the Control Tower (TWR), which authorises him to start the engines and taxi from parking to runway. After completing the ground movement, the TWR authorises the pilot for take-off only when safety distances from other aircraft are ensured.
 
After take-off, but still in contact with the control tower, the aircraft passes to the approach phase, which ensures a safe passage to the next stage of flight for the correct insertion in the airway assigned to it.
Once in the airway, the aircraft passes to the Area Control Centre (ACC), which handles the en-route phase. The aircraft is assigned a flight level and route to follow so that, for safety, both vertical (1000 feet) and horizontal (5 nautical miles) separation is maintained from other aircraft.

When it is close to the destination airport, the aircraft again passes into the approach phase where  its descent and runway alignment are instructed according to the arrival sequence.
Once the aircraft is aligned on the landing path and within sight of the airport, it is handed over to the destination airport control tower, which guides it right up to the parking bay.
Each time aircraft enter or exit Italian airspace, air traffic controllers are in constant dialogue with colleagues of bordering countries, sending and receiving area-related traffic information.